Page by Page Guide
Viewing Search Results
Essays and Video Interviews
Before beginning to use Age of Exploration, you may find it helpful to consult the background information contained in the Nature and Scope and found in the Introduction section of this website. Click on the icon on the right-hand side of the top banner of every page to link to the relevant section of these help pages.
Age of Exploration is optimised to use the following browsers: Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer 10 and 11, and the latest releases of Firefox, Safari and Google Chrome. The interactive chronology is optimised for Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer 10 and 11 and the latest releases of Firefox, Safari and Google Chrome.
'My Archive' enables you to register login details and benefit from a range of bespoke features that allow you to create your own personalised collection. Signing up is easy. Just click on the 'Register for My Archive' link on the home page, submit your login details and off you go.
Once you've logged in, you will be able to:
- Save selected documents to 'My Bookshelf.'
- Save any image from the collection to 'My Lightbox'.
- Run a slideshow of your lightbox images.
- Save your search results.
Every document, search result and individual image in Age of Exploration is tagged with the relevant 'Add to My Archive' button. To return to any document without the need to browse or search every time, simply click on the add button and it will automatically be stored in your individual account so you can return to it at any time.
Click the 'My Lightbox' or 'My Archive' links in the top right-hand corner to enter these features.
Once in 'My Archive' you can edit your profile, navigate to 'My Lightbox', view saved searches and documents.
Click on a saved search term to view saved search results. Click on thumbnails in 'My Bookshelf' to view your saved documents.
You can organise the images in 'My Lightbox' at any time by creating a new lightbox. Enter the name of your new lightbox in the box beside 'Create a New Lightbox:' and click 'Create'. Use the tick boxes beside each image to select the images you wish to copy to your new lightbox. In the 'Image Options' menu, click 'Copy selection to another lightbox' to copy the selected images.
You can view your selection of images as a slideshow and export as PDFs by selecting these options from the 'Image Options' menu.
You can browse the documents in Age of Exploration by clicking on the Documents tab. This will take you to the document landing page. Clicking on one of the Document panels will return a list of all the documents of that document type. Alternatively you can click the 'View all documents' panel beneath the Document panels to see everything.
Once you have a list, you can filter the documents by Date, Document Type, Region, Theme, and Library/Archive to widen or narrow your criteria, or view documents. You can view a document by clicking on the thumbnail or title.
Documents are loaded 200 to a page, in alphabetical order by title and can be scrolled through. Navigation between pages with more than 200 documents listed is available at the top of the list. Users can browse previous and next pages, select a page number or a letter from the alphabetical list.
Full text searchable documents are indicated with the following icon:
From this page you can sort the order of each column and also select the display of the last column to feature either 'Document Type', ‘Theme’ or 'Library/Archive'.
From the documents list, click on a title link and this will take you to the document details page that provides thumbnail images from the document, document-level metadata and the ability to start viewing the original image or select some or all of the document to download.
Scroll through thumbnails to select and view images.
Use the 'next' and 'previous' buttons to show the next or previous document details page. Use the back arrow beside the 'next' and 'previous' buttons to return to the document list.
Download the full document or a range of pages as a PDF using the PDF drop-down selection boxes.
Where available, some additional ‘Chapter’, ‘Section’, 'Issue' or ‘Visual Highlights’ information will also be displayed underneath the metadata.
From this page you can also add the document to 'My Archive' and, if you have the user rights, you can export the bibliographic details of each document to RefWorks, EndNote or Zotero citation software.
For the best-quality printout, it is recommended that you download the required image(s) as a PDF. Within the document details and the image-viewing pages you have several printing options. From the document details page you can download the entire contents of the document or specify a page or image range as a PDF document which can then be saved to file or printed. The image or page numbers available will be displayed in a drop-down box. Click on the required image/page to select the range to be downloaded.
When there is a page range provided there are sometimes a number of "unpaginated" images listed at the start of those available to download. These images can also be selected to download as each "unpaginated" listed represents an image. For example, if there are six "unpaginated images" listed and you want to download them all, simply select the first image listed in the drop-down box and then select the sixth unpaginated image listed in the second drop-down box.
From the image view, you can download the current page you are viewing or, where available, specific chapters as a PDF document. Clicking on these options will open a new window for the PDF to download. Please bear in mind when downloading entire documents that many of the files will be quite large and can take some time. You will require Adobe Reader for this facility, which can be downloaded for free by clicking here.
Clicking on the thumbnail, chapter or visual highlight will generate the image-viewing screen. You can increase or decrease the magnification of the original image by using the or symbols in the top left-hand corner of the image-viewer window. To move around the image you can drag the document by holding down the left mouse button and then moving the mouse to the preferred view.
The icon will open the image viewer in full screen.
The icon will rotate the image, which will resize to fit screen view.
The icon will return the image to its original position.
There are various ways to navigate through a document and you can also download images to print or save. Where available, some printed documents will have additional navigation features such as jumping to the next article or selecting a specific page number.
Clicking on the 'Thumbnails' tab will display all the thumbnails for the document.
By clicking on the 'Share' [+] button in the top right-hand corner of the page, you can share the page you are viewing via email and social-networking sites.
Sourced from The Explorers Club, Age of Exploration features three speeches from the famous Arctic and Antarctic explorers Robert Peary and Ernest Shackleton and five films showcasing early-twentieth century expeditions and ships sourced from the British Film Institute.
To play an audio or video file, click the 'play' icon in the centre of the player.
The interactive transcript will automatically scroll as the audio plays. To turn 'Auto Scroll' off, you can uncheck the box at the top of the transcript. To skip to a different section of the interview simply click on one of the timecodes within the transcript or click on the relevant timecode in the playing bar on the video/audio player. Once a new timecode has been selected, the audio and the transcript will move to this point.
To search the transcript enter a keyword in the search box above the video or audio player and click 'Go'. Results will be highlighted in the transcript. You can also refer to the transcript results summary bar at the bottom of the page.
The results summary highlights how many times the search result appears throughout the oral history interview and the timecode for each search hit. The summary bar holds a maximum of five search results, allowing you to explore the relationship between different search terms. Search terms can also be deleted from the search bar.
Click on a highlighted timecode in the summary bar to navigate to the search hit in the transcript and video/audio player.
The search engine searches across all document-level metadata including bibliographic details, full text of printed material and selected additional editorial features.
Searches are carried out at document level for all documents and also at image level for full text search documents.
A basic keyword search box is available on all screens in the top right-hand corner. Type in your search term and either click on 'Go' or press enter. You can also integrate searches with Boolean text for more advanced queries.
Underneath the basic search box are links to the 'Advanced Search' option as well as a list of 'Search Directories'.
The keyword search supports the Boolean operators AND, OR and AND NOT between keywords. Using the terms ‘ice’ and ‘sledge’ as examples:
To return results in which both ‘ice’ and ‘sledge’ appear, use AND between terms (TIP: The search engine already does this by default – see section on 'Automatic AND Queries').
To return results which have either ‘ice’ or ‘sledge’, add OR between terms.
To return results in which ‘ice’, but not ‘sledge’ appear, add AND NOT between terms. This will search for ‘ice’ but exclude any pages which also include ‘sledge’.
TIP: You can use either upper or lower case for Boolean terms.
Automatic AND Queries
By default, the search engine only returns results which contain all your keywords. The search engine automatically uses the AND operator, so there is no need to use this when searching for multiple terms.
TIP: To broaden or refine the keyword search, try using fewer or more terms.
By adding double quotation marks to your keywords you can search for exact phrases. Words enclosed in quotation marks (“snow blindness”) will only return results in which the words appear next to each other.
Please note that if you perform a phrase search, the number of hits displayed will still appear as individual words (e.g. if the phrase “snow blindness” appears on a page twice, the results will show four hits).
Wildcards allow you to search for parts of words, enabling you to widen your search criteria. The search engine supports two types of wildcards; "?" represents one character, and "*" represents any number of characters. For example, entering 'ship?' will return results for ships, but entering ‘ship*' will return results for ship, ships, shipping etc. You can also use wildcards to search for words as part of a phrase.
The search engine does not automatically find plurals of search terms. If you want to look for both ship and ships, use the 'Word Stemming' option under the 'Advanced Search' or the "*" wildcard.
Using Word Proximity Searches
The search engine will let you look for words or phrases that occur within a specified number of words of each other. This is a useful way of specifying the context in which words should occur. For example, a search for "ice w/3 sledge" may be a more accurate way of finding references to specific details than using a simple "AND" operator, but offers a broader net than that of a phrase search.
By ticking the 'Word Stemming' option on the 'Advanced Search' page, you can command the search engine to return results on all derivations of your search word(s). Thus a stemming-enabled keyword search for 'book' will return book, books, booked, etc. However, it will not return different words that simply begin with book (e.g. bookseller, bookkeeper). For this, you need to use a wildcard.
At the top of the search results page, you can select to filter results by 'Documents', 'Image Gallery' or 'Secondary Resources', or refine via 'Document type', 'Theme', ‘Region’, ‘Language’ or 'Library/Archive'.
Results can be exported as an email.
When selecting a document from the search results list, you will be taken to the 'Document Details' page, where further details of the result will be displayed.
Full text search results will be displayed with a list of the relevant sections from the original image with additional details of the image number, chapter number and number of hits where relevant. Thumbnails with full text hits will be displayed with a red border in the slideshow at the top of the page and snippets will also appear at the bottom of the page. Results may also appear in the 'Visual Highlights Search Results' tab.
These results can be reordered by pages, relevance or number of hits. Click a snippet to view the result in this page.
To view the full document metadata click on the 'Show details' button at the top of the page. If there is a hit from the document-level metadata, then this will be highlighted.
TIP: If the document is returned in the search results with no full text hits, the metadata will be opened automatically.
You can view the relevant image from the full text search results by selecting the link above the original image snippet. You can view the document from the beginning by clicking on the thumbnail image.
Full text hits are highlighted in yellow on the original image.
Use the 'prev hit' and 'next hit' buttons above the image to browse other hits within the document.
The Advanced Search page enables you to search for several keywords or phrases using the AND, OR and NOT Boolean operators. Extra fields can be added using the plus button.
TIP: Use of these drop-down operators still follow the Boolean rules of precedence.
A date-range restriction can be entered. This can be used in conjunction with a keyword or other restricted searches, or across all documents by leaving the other fields blank.
Searches can also be restricted by ‘Document type’, ‘Theme’, ‘Region’, ‘Language’ and 'Library/Archive'.
There is a link to the Search Directories page beneath the basic search box, in the top right-hand corner of every page. 'Search Directories' provide lists of keywords, people, places, expedition and ships and performs a search across the site for that term. The list is not exhaustive but represents the terms that have been included in the metadata, so is the best way to navigate the documents if you are interested in one of these categories.
The 'Explore' tab gives you additional research tools and new ways to approach the material in Age of Exploration.
The interactive map illustrates over 50 well-known, or influential voyages that took place between the late-fifteenth and early twentieth centuries.
This section provides you with a selection of essays written by, and video interviews with leading academics. Many of the essays include hypertext links to the original documents. Clicking on a link will open a new window and if the link relates to a complete document the user will be taken to the Document Details page from where you can browse the images. To return to the essay simply close or minimise the new window.
TIP: The icon will generate a printable version of the essay.
TIP: The icon will generate a PDF version.
The Interactive Chronology button on the Explore landing page opens a chronology in a new window. Significant moments in the history of exploration from c.1400 to the 1920s can be viewed. You can search within the chronology by using the simple search box on the left, or by filtering the category or region.
The biographies page highlights major figures from within the collections and those critical to the topics covered in the resource.
Using the alphabet bar, you can jump directly to specific entries, and click the title letter to return to the top of the page.
Selected visual highlights from the documents have been individually indexed and grouped together into a gallery which can be filtered by ‘Date’, ‘Image type’ and ‘Theme(s)’.
To view a slideshow of images, select the ones you want to use via the tick box next to each title, then click 'Run slideshow of selection' from the 'Image Options' drop-down. Alternatively, you can save the selection for this session (click on the 'Image Options' drop-down and click ‘Add Selection to My Lightbox'), or download the selection as a multi-page PDF.
TIP: The order that you select your images will be the order that they are played in the slideshow.
Images can be displayed in a list view with further details by selecting this view from the 'Display Options' drop-down menu.
To view a full-size version of the image, click on it. You can browse through the images by clicking the 'Next' and 'Previous' buttons, or by using the left and right arrows on your keyboard.
Metadata relating to the slideshow material can be searched in isolation via the 'Image Gallery' search box at the top of the gallery page.
Archive Explorer is a federated searching tool that gives you a quick and convenient way to search across all Adam Matthew collections. You will only be able to access document collections to which your library is subscribed. A link to Archive Explorer is available on the footer of all pages and the Advanced Search page.
You can export the bibliographic details of each document to RefWorks and EndNote if you have user rights to these systems. These options are available to you on the document's listing or on the Document Details page of each individual item. Just click the RefWorks or EndNote logos, and a pop-up window with instructions will appear.
OpenURLs connect you directly to your library catalogue, allowing you to easily access material recommended on this site. You'll find OpenURLs on the essay pages, or anywhere we suggest you continue your research using library materials. Click on the reference to send this item to your institution’s link resolver and establish the easiest way to access this material that is not directly available on this site. Please note that your institution must have registered their link-resolver details with Adam Matthew Digital for the OpenURL links to be visible and active.